Yes, to tricks – no to treats
We show our love through food. Roasted peanuts in creamy caramel covered on milk chocolate must scream affection. Avocado and tomato-garlic bruschetta sends signals of romance at any fine restaurant. I know I feel cherished when I bite into a vanilla ice cream cake shell with chocolate ice cream, fudge, and crushed chocolate sandwich cookies in the middle. And what pet doesn’t like a little table scraps here and there?
Halloween scares me and it may not be for the reason you are thinking. Our critter companions have access to many potential toxins around the holidays. From certain types of nuts, candies and the infamous chocolate bar, pets can find themselves in a lot of dilemmas.
Food that contains the group methylxanthines can cause your pets to be ill. Methylxanthines, which includes theobromine and caffeine, comes from cacao seeds. It can be found in chocolate, coffee and some types of soda. Dark chocolate is more dangerous than milk chocolate which is worse than white chocolate. According to veterinarian, Dr. Laura Tonetti of East Hill Animal Hospital, only ½ oz of baking chocolate per pound of body weight can be poisonous. Animals that have ingested methylxanthines can be seen with symptoms such as panting, excessive thirst and urination, hyperactivity, diarrhea, abnormal heart rhythm, tremors, seizures and even death warns the ASPCA . The good news is usually the animal vomits before many of the side effects can take place. The bad news is you will have to make another tray of Franken-brownies.
For those of you who give out healthy food, like raisins, for Halloween, I have two warnings for you. The first is, us trick-or-treates don’t like it. Please give us candy. Or you can be really cool like that house that gives out four quarters to all the kids. The second caveat is that this ‘healthy’ snack can also be dangerous to our pets. Grapes, raisins and wine have an unknown chemical that can cause kidney failure. The problems can be more sudden for pets that already have health illnesses.
About two weeks ago a coworker, Craig, disclosed to my department that in his free time he has been writing a book. The book revolves around a group of middle-aged vampires. The most frightening part of the story was when another co-worker, Jess, asked if the book was fiction or nonfiction.
Whether or not vampires are real or fake, or have six pack abs or beer bellies do not feed your pets garlic to save them from the living dead. Garlic, and onions and chives as well, can cause irritation in the digestive track and red blood cell damage. The ASPCA says that the small amounts of these foods in store bought treats and pet foods should not cause a problem, but strongly recommends not feeding them in large dosages.
Another compound that is common around Halloween time is Xylitol. Xylitol is used as a sweetener in toothpaste, baked goods, candy and sugar-free gum. This chemical can cause an insulin release in most pets which can lead to liver failure. The first symptoms to be seen is weakness, uncoordinated movements, depression and seizures. This chemical is also responsible for acting as a mild laxative in humans. So it is no fun all around.
If you are beyond carrying pillow cases filled with candy and stuffing plastic orange bags with leaves, you may not be out of the woods yet. There are adult food items as well that our pets need to avoid. Macadamia nuts, avocado and alcohol can all be toxic.
Macadamia nuts are used in many baked goods and candy bars. I just had six white chocolate macadamia nut cookies this week (and by week I mean last Tuesday). These nuts can present problems to our pet dogs by causing weakness, depression, vomiting, tremors. The first signs usually appear within twelve hours and can last up to two days.
Avocados are quite notorious for being lethal to some of our feathered companions. In addition to birds, dogs and rodents should avoid this food. Persin is a fungicidal toxin to our pets and is found in the leaves, fruit, seeds and bark of avocados. It triggers congestion, difficulty breathing and fluid buildup around the heart. So no guacamole for our pets.
If you are looking for a deadly cocktail this Halloween you could always mix alcohol and pets. According to the ASPCA alcohol can cause vomiting, diarrhea, decreased coordination, central nervous system depression, difficulty breathing, tremors and abnormal blood acidity. Although I have had people tell me that they allow their pets to sip their beers and they see no adverse effects, I strongly advise against this.